[Totally artificial training model for coronary heart surgery: the end of animal experiments?] [Article in German]

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Oliver Reuthebuch , Dörthe Schmidt, Axel Lang, Peter Groscurth, Marko Turina
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Abstract

Aim: Animal protection laws will lead to stricter and more selective criteria thus resulting in a decline of available animals. Yet to train cardiac surgical skills a totally artificial training model was developed.
Description of training model: The model is based on differently hardened polyurethane. Cover is a 1:1 replica of the human thoracic wall. Disposable coronaries are integrated in the heart-model. Vessels and part of the ascending aorta can be rinsed. By means of a newly designed air-pump stroke volume, heart-rate and rhythm can be adjusted.
Experiences: Set-up of the model is easy and quick. Accustomed instruments can be used. Handling of artificial tissue is nature-like. Degree of difficulty is dependent on stroke volume, heart rate, arrhythmia, vessel-size and vessel-quality.
Conclusion: The phantom helps to achieve confidence in coronary revascularisation. It facilitates an accompanying training for the less-trained as well as the skilled surgeon. The nature-like characteristics will help to reduce animal experiments in future.

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How to Cite
Reuthebuch, O. (2003) “[Totally artificial training model for coronary heart surgery: the end of animal experiments?] [Article in German]”, ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation, 20(1), pp. 17–20. Available at: https://www.altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/1065 (Accessed: 20 May 2024).
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