Human platelet lysate as validated replacement for animal serum to assess chemosensitivity

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Miriam Pons
Georg Nagel
Yanira Zeyn
Mandy Beyer
Teresa Laguna
Tina Brachetti
Andreas Sellmer
Siavosh Mahboobi
Roland Conradi
Falk Butter
Oliver H. Krämer

Abstract

Experiments with cultured mammalian cells represent an in vitro alternative to animal experiments. Fetal calf serum (FCS) is the most commonly used media supplement worldwide. FCS contains a mixture of largely undefined growth factors and cytokines, which support cell proliferation. This undefined nature of FCS is a source of experimental variation, undesired immune responses, possible contaminations, and because of its way of production an ethical concern. Thus, alternative, defined, valid, and reliable media supplements should be characterized in a large number of experiments. Human platelet lysate (hPL) is increasingly appreciated as an alternative to FCS. Since it is unclear whether cells respond differentially to clinically relevant chemotherapeutics inducing replicative stress and DNA damage (Hydroxyurea, Irinotecan), induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKi) Imatinib, and novel epigenetic modifiers belonging to the group of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACi), we investigated these issues. Here we show that cancer cells derived from leukemia and colon cancer grow very similarly in culture media with FCS or outdated hPL. Notably, cells have practically identical proteomes under both culture conditions. Moreover, cells grown with FCS or hPL respond equally to all types of drugs and stress conditions that we have tested. In addition, the transfection of blood cells by electroporation can be achieved under both conditions. Furthermore, we reveal that class I HDACs, but not HDAC6, are required for the expression of the pan-leukemic marker WT1 under various culture conditions. Hence, hPL is a moderately priced substitute for FCS in various experimental settings.

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[1]
Pons, M., Nagel, G., Zeyn, Y., Beyer, M., Laguna, T., Brachetti, T., Sellmer, A., Mahboobi, S., Conradi, R., Butter, F. and Krämer, O. 2018. Human platelet lysate as validated replacement for animal serum to assess chemosensitivity. ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation. (Dec. 2018). DOI:https://doi.org/10.14573/altex.1809211.
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