[Characteristics of Toxoplasma-gondii-tachyzoites from different culture systems] [Article in German]

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Harald Klein, Martina Anduleit, Monika Bornhak, Matthias Fischer, Uwe Gross, Bettina Löschner, Sven Nicol, Ingrid Reiter-Orwona, Nadja Zyto, Thomas Montag-Lessing
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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii is an intracellular protozoan parasite of worldwide distribution. Parasites that habour a complete antigenic profile, that is necessary for the serological diagnosis of human Toxoplasma infections, are provided by in vivo culture methods only. It seems that the host immune pressure is responsible for the expression of a total antigen pattern. Thus, in most laboratories the asexual proliferative stage of the parasite, the tachyzoite, is maintained by successive intraperitoneal passages in highly susceptible animals such as mice.
We would like to develop an in vitro method to provide sufficient amounts of high quality parasite antigen suitable for diagnosis of Toxoplasmosis. Using the RAPD-PCR (random amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR) technique, we were able to show that during different culture conditions (in vivo and in vitro culture) the parasites undergo no clonal selection. That means the entire parasite population changes the protein expression pattern due to the in vitro culture conditions. Based on the result described previously the work could be continued as follows. One strategy could be to simulate the host immune pressure during the in vitro cultivation of the tachyzoites. A more convinced approach may be the production of recombinant parasite antigens useful for diagnosis of a Toxoplasma infection in human adults and newborns.

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How to Cite
Klein, H. (1998) “[Characteristics of Toxoplasma-gondii-tachyzoites from different culture systems] [Article in German]”, ALTEX - Alternatives to animal experimentation, 15(Supp. 1), pp. 37–39. Available at: https://www.altex.org/index.php/altex/article/view/2089 (Accessed: 30 May 2024).
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